International Survey of Jewish Monuments
International Survey of Jewish Monuments

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Information Housed by ISJM

Jewish Community of Rome Inaugurates New Museum Space: New Exhibition Celebrates the Centennial of the Tempio Maggiore di Roma

Tempio Maggiore in Firenze (Florence), Italy

Jewish Heritage Report, II, 3-4.  Report on Italy

Work on Venice Cemetery Continues
Jewish Heritage & Museum in Sicily
Book Review of Musei Ebraici, about the nature and role of Jewish Museums in Europe based on the proceedings of a conference dedicated to the topic held in Bologna in May, 1996. From Jewish Heritage Report II, 1-2

Dedication Ceremony Scheduled for Jewish Cemetery on Venice Lido, from ISJM News Update, August 18-25, 1999

Information Elsewhere on the Internet

The Italian Synagogue through the Ages by Noemi Cassuto

17th International Convention of the Italian Association for the Study of Judaism
September 16-18, 2003

Jewish History, Art, Architecture and Community in Florence

These sites provide information on the Jewish Community of Florence and its grand 19th century synagogue:

The Virtual Jewish History Tour: Rome

The Jewish community in Rome is known to be the oldest Jewish community in Europe and also one the oldest continuous Jewish settlements in the world, dating back to 161 B.C.E. when Jason ben Eleazar and Eupolemus ben Johanan came as envoys of Judah Maccabee. This site presents an illustrated overview of the history of the Jews of Rome by Rebecca Weiner.

The Prehistory of the Florentine Ghetto: Magistrato Supremo 4449 and 4450

In 1570-71, Grand Duke Cosimo I de'Medici created the first Ghetto in Florence. For many years, he had withstood heavy political and moral pressure from Pope Pius V and King Philip II of Spain to limit the freedom of his Jewish subjects. Cosimo's decision to ghettoize but not expel them was in fact a gesture of pragmatic liberalism.

The Jews in Tuscany numbered only 795, according to the official Jewish census of 1570 (in Magistrato Supremo 4450, pp.179-80.) Living in small scattered communities, they had long enjoyed cordial relations with the Medici family and the Medici state. Most of these Jews were directly or indirectly involved in banking and their financial network was essential to the Tuscan economy.

Ancient Ghetto of Venice

The Museum of Jewish Art was opened in 1955 and has continued to enrich its collections through important donations ever since. The present exhibit was arranged in 1986 as the initial stage of a project whose goal is the creation of a single museum area comprising the three Synagogues of the "Ghetto Novo" (New Ghetto) and the opening of new exhibits. At present a collection of rare and precious textiles and silverwork (mostly from the five synagogues) is on display in the two open rooms. Next to that, is a series of Italian Ketuboth (marriage contracts) and other religious objects of foreign manifacture, privately donated to the Museum.

Italian Jewish Art Museum in Jerusalem

The U. Nahon Museum of Italian Jewish Art is one of Jerusalem's most precious possessions. Founded in 1981, this museum set out to collect, preserve, and present objects pertaining to Jewish life in Italy. The artifacts exhibited at this museum describe different aspects of Jewish life dating from the middle ages through the present. They include ritual objects used in the synagogue, private articles for the observance of the various holidays, household goods, and documents and personalia.
Jewish Community of Pitigliano
The history of the Jewish community of Pitigliano is extraordinary. Since the middle of the 16th century more and more Jews came to Pitigliano.
The Jews of Aquileia: A Judaic Community, Lost to History
Many significant Judaic communities have disappeared without a trace and will be forever lost in
a historical limbo. There are others about which some meager physical traces have survived, or about whom ancient literature offers a passing, peripheral mention. There are also cases in which the type or quality of an activity that took place in a town or a region reflects the existence of a Judaic community. Taken together, such traces allow us to attempt to restore that community to its historical context.

A prime example of historical omission, yet not an untypical one, is that of a sizeable and dynamic Judaic community that existed and flourished in Aquileia. Not even the Encyclopedia Judaica offers a hint of the existence of this bustling Judaic community, a community  numbered in the thousands and was vital to the development of Roman traffic to the East and to the Roman exploitation of Central Europe.

Paper by Samuel Kurinsky

The Synagogue of Casale Monferrato
The Temple of Casale Monferrato was built in 1595. It is a monument of great artistic and historical interest, a valid proof of the important role played by the jewish community in this city, once capital of a prestigious independent marquisate, today still rich of beautiful artistic buldings.

International Survey of Jewish Monuments
c/o Jewish Heritage Research Center
Box 210, 118 Julian Pl.
Syracuse, New York 13210-3419, USA

tel: (315) 474-2350
fax: (315) 474-2347

Last updated: May 27, 2004